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India and Australia inks pact on Low Emission Technology

Technology news published by NRI Herald Australia, 24 September 2021

India and Australia inks pact on Low Emission Technology

Australia has struck an agreement with India to support low-emissions technology sharing between the two nations.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison met with Indian leader Narendra Modi in Washington ahead of the first face-to-face Quad talks which will include the leaders of Japan and the US.

A new Australia-India technology partnership will focus on hydrogen development and ultra low-cost solar programs to help reduce carbon emissions.

India's Hydrogen Ambitions:

Recently on the occasion of India's 74th Independence day speech Mr Modi addressed the public and said:

Green hydrogen is the biggest goal and will help provide a quantum jump to India. India’s strategy will be to leverage scale for its ambitious green hydrogen plan in the likes of its renewable energy programme, leading the country to run the world’s largest clean energy programme.

The government of India plans to implement the Green Hydrogen Consumption Obligation (GHCO) in fertilizer production and petroleum refining, similar to what was done with renewable purchase obligations (RPO). RPOs require electricity distribution companies to buy a fixed amount of renewable energy to cut reliance on fossil fuels. India’s total hydrogen demand is expected to touch 11.7 million tonnes (mt) by 2029-30 from the current 6.7 mt.

With the current cost of green hydrogen produced by electrolysis estimated at around ₹350 per kg, the plan is to more than halve it to ₹160 per kg by 2029-30. The government also aims to extend the production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme for manufacturing electrolyzers to produce green hydrogen.

QUAD Meeting

As per various reports published in The Young Witness, Mr Morrison while talking to Mr Modi said India's economic growth needed to be supported alongside global ambitions to tackle climate change.

"Unless we can get the technology transformation occurring in developing countries, then I fear that the ambitions that so many have for addressing climate change will be frustrated," he told reporters in the US.
"If we want to make a difference on climate change, we've got to make a difference everywhere, not just in advanced economies."

Australia is inching towards a commitment to net zero emissions by 2050 amid immense international pressure in the lead-up to United Nations climate talks in Glasgow in November. The prime minister said he wanted to ensure the developing world made a transition to cleaner energy through technology.

Mr Modi released a communique after the meeting saying the leaders underlined the need to urgently address climate change and agreed over the possibilities for clean technology.

"In this regard, prime minister Modi highlighted the need for a broader dialogue on environment protection," it said.

Former prime minister Tony Abbott travelled to India in August on behalf of Australia to follow up stalled Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement negotiations.

Mr Modi reiterated his invitation for Mr Morrison to visit India.

"The prime ministers agreed that as two vibrant democracies in the region, the two countries needed to work closer together to overcome the challenges in the post-pandemic world."
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